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It is possible to distinguish even Identical (Monozygotic) Twins
By 800dnaexam
Created On
Monday, March 8, 2010
Last Modified On
Monday, March 8, 2010
Last Modified By

It is possible to distinguish even Identical (Monozygotic) Twins. Identical (monozygotic) twins Raymon and Richard Miller had better watch out. The two were embroiled in a paternity suit that alleged both had slept with the same woman on the same day and nobody knew which brother had impregnated her. In May 2007, the judge decided that Raymon is the legal father of the child who was subsequently born although child support was split between the two brothers. Standard paternity testing examines 16 DNA markers which is enough to make them over 99.99% accurate. In the case of the State of Missouri and Holly Marie Adams vs. Raymon and Richard Miller, the paternity test showed that the two brothers both had a 99.999% probability of being the father. There is currently no commercially available test that can determine which of the twin brothers passed his DNA to the child even though there are ways in which the genomes of identical twins differ. Epigenomic chemical modifications. Researchers at Ohio State University found epigenetic changes in twins’ genomes that increased as pairs of twins aged. One of the main epigenetic processes that occurs to our DNA is methylation which can be caused by environmental exposures, such as diet and physical activity. Methylation can lead to differences in gene expression and as we age, the amount of DNA methylation increases. So, it’s expected that identical twins will grow less and less similar in their patterns of DNA methylation and gene expression as their lives progress especially if their lifestyle habits and surroundings differ greatly. DNA copy-number-variation profiles. Another way in which the genomes of identical twins may differ is in copy number variation (CNV) that appears as segments of DNA that are missing, occur in multiple copies, or have flipped orientation in the genome. Identical (monozygotic) twins have been found to have different CNVs which could explain why even identical twins are not truly identical in appearance or other physical characteristics despite similar environmental exposures. For example, one twin sometimes develops a disease while the other does not. The DNA Identity Testing Center of Bio-Synthesis Inc., headquartered in Lewisville, Texas, is the global leader in DNA testing including, Paternity, Maternity, Siblingship, Avuncularity, Grandparentage, and Forensic Samples, in both Private and Legal Cases since 1995. Our staff of highly experienced and qualified DNA experts and Paternity Consultants has reliably and consistently provided products and services to customers across the country and the world that meet the most demanding requirements for quality, turnaround, and expert technical support. For more information, please call 1-800-227-0627

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